4 October 2016

Aims, Ideals and Objectives of Vedic Education

Aims, Ideals and Objectives of Vedic Education

1. Ultimate objective as moksha or self-realisation:- 
Ancient Indians believed that education should prepare and individual in such a way as to prepare him to attain the objective of liberation, i.e. to be one with the almighty and to be free from the cycle of births & deaths.

2. Infusion of Piety & Religiousness:- 
In ancient India religion played a prominent part. Education aimed at the infusion of piety and religiousness in the minds of the pupils.

2. Education for worldliness:-
 Happiness in other world was given more stress than the happiness in this world. This world according to them, was unreal & full of fetters. The highest wisdom was a release from these betters.

3. Character formation:- 
Education must from character. Mere intellect was not of worth if the person was devoid of not much morality. Morality or the right behavior was the higher “Dharma”. Education was regarded as a means of inculcating values such as strict obedience to elders, truthfulness, honesty and temperance.

4. Development of all round personality:- 
Ancient Indians believed that personality should be developed through education. Personality was developed through the following methods:-

(a) Self-restraint

(b) Self-confidence

(c) Self-respect

(d) Discrimination and judgement

5. Stress on Social duties:- 
A student was not to lead self-centered life. He was to perform his duties as a son, as a husband, as a father & many other capacities conscientiously and efficiently in the society. His wealth was not for his own sake as for his family, he must be hospitable and charitable. All professions laid stress on civil responsibilities.

6. Promotion of Social Efficiency and Welfare:- 
The promotion of social efficiency & welfare was an equally important aim of education. Education was not imported simply for the sake of culture or for the purpose of developing mental powers but for the purpose of training every member of society in the profession which he expected to follow. Society had accepted the theory of division of work which was later on governed by the principle of heredity. Each family trained its children in its own profession. The purpose was to make each individual society efficient.

7. Preservation and promotion of culture:- 
the preservation and promotion of national culture and heritage was also stressed. “The services of the whole community were conscripted for the purpose of the preservation of the Vedic literature. Every person had to learn at least a portion of his sacred literacy heritage.” A section of Brahman as had to devote the whole of their life to the cause of learning to commit the Vedas to memory in order to ensure preservation.