30 December 2016

Radhakrishnan Commission/University Education Commission 1948-49 (Part 3)

VII Examinations

·     A university degree should not be required for government administrative services. Special state examination for recruitment to the various services should be organized.

·    No credit is given at present for class work in courses except sometimes in the case of practical work. Such credit should be given.
·     Three years will be involved for the first degree.
·     The standards for success at the examination should as far as possible, be uniform in the4 various universities and should be raised. We suggest that a candidate should get 70 per cent or more marks to secure a first class, 55 per cent to 69 per cent for a second and at least 40 per cent for a third.

Radhakrishnan Commission/University Education Commission 1948-49

VIII. Medium of Instruction

  1. The federal languages should be developed through the assimilation of words from various sources and the retention of words which have already entered into Indian languages from different sources, thereby avoiding the dances of exclusiveness.
2.  International technical and scientific terminology be adopted, the borrowed words be properly assimilated, their pronunciation be adopted to the phonetic system of the Indian language the their spelling fixed in accordance with the sound symbols of Indian scripts.
3.  For the medium of instruction for higher education, English should be replaced as early as practicable by an Indian language which cannot be Sanskrit on account of vital difficulties.
4.  Pupils at the higher secondary and University stages should be made conversant with three languages the regional language, the federal language. And English (the last one in order to acquire the ability to read books in English) ; and (ii) Higher education be imparted through the instrumentality of the regional language with the option to use the federal language as the medium of instruction either for some subjects or for all subjects.
5.  For the federal language one script, Devnagri be federal and regional language.

 IX   Students Their Activities and Welfare

o    Two years of physical education be required for all students, men and women, except those who are physically unify or who are in the national cadet corps.
o    Hostels be constructed in blocks of not more than fifty students per block with common rooms and dining halls for four or five blocks.
o    University unions should be as free as possible from political activities. An advisory board of student welfare be organized in university which do not have such a body.

 X Women Education

On the importance of women education the commission observed, there cannot be an educated people without education of women. If general education had to be limited  to man or women then opportunity should be given to women, from them it would more surely be passed to the next generation, the commission further observed, it is time to realize that the finest family relations result from the association of a man and woman who have had much relations result from the association of a man and woman who have had much of their education in common but each of the whom has developed according to his or her own nature and not in imitation.  A woman should be a made familiar with the problems of home management and the skills developed in meeting these. They should be provided laboratory experience in a baby home and nursery school etc.  Special courses of study for women:  These are home economics, nursing teaching fine arts. Women students in general should be helped to see their normal place in a normal society both as citizens and as women and to prepare for it. College programmes should be so designed that it will be possible for them to do so. Standards for courtesy and social responsibility should be emphasized on the part of men in college.  

XI Constitution and Control  

University education is placed on the concurrent list. The concern of the central government with the universities be with regard to finance coordination of facilities in special subjects adoption of national policies , ensuring minimum standards of efficient administration and liaison between universities and nation research laboratories and scientific survey, etc.  The commission observed that on account of resource crunch, the universities are not able to implement appropriate reforms. In this regard it made the following recommendations;
·     A university grants commission should be set up to allocate finances to the university.
·     The state govt. should shoulder the major burden of the university education.
·     Recurring and nonrecurring grants should be given to non government colleges. Specific rules should be framed for giving grants.
·     Income tax concession may be given to individual and firms who gave financial aids to university.

   Conclusion:

While evaluating the report of the university education commission (1947-48) it may be borne in mind that the report was drafted and published before the finalization of the constitution of India and its inauguration on 26th of January 1950. It is therefore, natural that some of the important points and terms like socialism, secularism, national and emotional integration, and fundamental eights, etc. do not find mention and accordingly their implication in the report.  The report of the commission is document of great importance as it has guided the development of university education in Indian since independences. In the first instance we take up the philosophical and sociological aspects of the recommendations. It accorded due attention to synthesize the knowledge the recommendation. It accorded due attention synthesize the knowledge and wisdom of the east and the west and of the ancient and modern.  

 Points to remember/ Summary:

1 Dr. S. Radhakrishnan was the chairman of University Education Commission.

2 The Commission was inaugurated on December 6, 1948.

3 The Commission submitted its report in August 1949.

4 Besides the Chairman, the Commission included 9 members.

5 The Commission recommended about function of Universities, discipline and indiscipline, standards of teaching, examination system, courses of study, medium of instruction etc. For Universities.

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