30 December 2016

Sadler Commission Report-1917 (Part 2)

<<Sadler Commission Report-1917 (Part 1)


3.      Recommendations Relating to Muslim Education.

1)     The Muslims should be provided all education facilities in view of their backward state in this field.
2)     It provided for organizing ‘Purdah School’ for the gorls up to the age of 15 or 16 years.
3)     It empowered the Calcutta University to institute a ‘Special Board of Women’ s Education’ and set up special curriculum according to the educational needs of women.

4.      Recommendations Relating to Teacher Training

The Commission recommended that the output of trained teacher should be substantially increased.

5.      Recommendations Relating to Technology.

The Commission observed , “It is an important and indeed, a necessary function of the university to include applied science and technology in its courses and to recognize their systematic and practical study by degrees and diplomas.

6.      Recommendations Relating to Professional and Vocational Educations

The commission recommended that Universities must provoke provision for the efficient training in personnel need for the industrial development of the country.

7.      Recommendations Relating to Modern Indian Leagues

The Calcutta University Commission (1917) stated: “ We are empathically of opinion that there is something unsound in the system of education which leaves a young man, at the conclusion of his course, unable to speak or write his own mother tounge fluently and correctly. It is thus beyond controversy that a systematic effort must be henceforth be made to promote the serious study of the vernaculars in secondary school, intermediate colleges and the university. The elaborate scheme recently adopted by the university for the critical, historical and comparative study of the Indian vernaculars for the M.A. examination is but the caping stone of an edifice of which the base has yet to be placed on a sound foundation, and it is only when such a structure has been completed that Bengal will have a literature worthy of greatness and civilization of its people.”

8.      Recommendations Relating to Secondary Education.

The commission held that reform at the stage of secondary education was essential for the improvement of university education. In this regards it made the following recommendations:
1)     Separations of intermediate classes from the universities.
2)     Establishment of intermediate colleges.
3)     Formation of separate high school and intermediate Boards.
4)     Use of mother-tongue as a medium of instruction.


Sadler Commission / Calcutta University Commission Report -1917
Sadler Commission / Calcutta University Commission Report -1917

Implementation of the Recommendations

            There were important political developments in the country in the wake of Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms (1919) under which universities were transferred to provincial government. Besides several problems arising out of the consequences of First World War had to be given priority. Hence, the recommendations could not be put to immediate implementation. However, after the policy resolution of 1920, recommendations received attention. Several universities came in to being.

Evaluation of the Sadler Report: Fore-Runner of the New Pattern of Education 10+2+3

According to A.N. Basu, “The report of the Commission contains the most comprehensive and authoritative study of the Indian education system from the secondary stage to the university. It is, therefore, quite natural that they have greatly influenced the subsequent course of secondary and higher education in the country.
In the world of Arthor Methew, “ the report of Calcuttaniversity commission has been a constant source of suggestion and information. Its significance in the History of Indian Education has been incalculable.
When we look at the present education scenario, we find that some of the important features  find their mention in the Sadler Commission Report. The beginning of introduction of new pattern of education 10+2+3 in 1975 has been hailed as a landmark in the reform of education in India. It may be recalled that the 12 years of schooling and 3 years of degree course were recommended by the Sadler Commission (1917-1919). In this sense the Sadler Commission may be said to be the fore runner of the present national education structure.
Likewise the present emphasis on vocational education and technology education may be tracked back to Sadler Report.

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