28 June 2020

ENGLISH QUIZ 26.06.2020

ENGLISH QUIZ 26.06.2020

Image result for study notes"

1.Consider the following statements related to Secrecy of Ballot:

1.A three-judge Bench of Justices N.V. Ramana, Sanjeev Khanna and Krishna Murari of Supreme               Court observed that secrecy of ballot is the cornerstone of free and fair elections.

2.The above judgment came on an appeal against the Allahabad High Court decision setting aside                 the voting of a no-confidence motion in the zila panchayat of the Panchayat Adhyaksha in Uttar                 Pradesh in 2017.

Which of the above statement/statements are correct?

A. 1 only

B. 2 only

C. Both 1 and 2

D. Neither 1 nor 2

2.Consider the following statements:

1.Japan city to rename area of islands disputed with China.

2.China claims the discovery and ownership of the islands from the 14th century, while Japan                          maintained ownership of the islands from 1795 until its surrender at the end of World War II.

3.The Senkaku Islands are a group of uninhabited islands in the East China Sea.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A. 1 and 2 are correct

B. 1 and 3 are correct

C. 2 and 3 are correct

D. All of the above

3.Consider the following statements:

1.CBIC launches Secure QR coded Shipping Bill.

2.It will eliminate process of approaching custom officer for proof of export.

Which of the above statement/statements are correct?

A. 1 only

B. 2 only

C. Both 1 and 2

D. Neither 1 nor 2

4.Who has been appointed as head coach of the Uttarakhand Ranji team for the upcoming season?

A. Wasim jafar

B. Akash Chopra

C. Virendra Sehwag

D. Dinesh Karthik

5.Which country has decided to join the multilateral Arms Trade Treaty (ATT)?

A. America

B. China

C. India

D. Pakistan

6.Researchers at which IIT has created a chip named ‘Dhruva’ that can be mounted in smartphones and navigation devices to find places and routes within the country?

A. IIT Delhi

B. IIT Madras

C. IIT Mumbai

D. IIT Kanpur

7.Who has been appointed as the chairman of the Indian Financial Technology & Allied Services (IFTAS)?

A. Debashish Panda

B. Chandrasekaran

C. Mayank Agarwal

D. Rabi Sankar

8.Famous sportsperson Pournima Zanane passed away recently, she was associated with which sports?

A. Shooting

B. Badminton

C. Tennis

D. Wrestling

9.Which country has successfully launched the last Satellite of its BeiDou Navigation Satellite System (BDS)?

A. Japan

B. China

C. Israel

D. North Korea

10.Which bank partnered with Affordplan to launch ‘Swachh Card’?

A. Oriental Bank

B. Karnataka Bank

C. Yes Bank

D. Andhra Bank

ANSWERS:-

Answer: 1)A      

Explanation

A three-judge Bench of Justices N.V. Ramana, Sanjeev Khanna and Krishna Murari of Supreme Court observed that secrecy of ballot is the cornerstone of free and fair elections. The choice of a voter should be free and the secret ballot system in a democracy ensures it, the Supreme Court has held in a judgment.

What was the issue?

  • The above judgment came on an appeal against the Allahabad High Court decision setting aside the voting of a no-confidence motion in the zila panchayat of the Panchayat Adhyaksha in Uttar Pradesh in 2018.
  • The Allahabad High Court found that some of the panchayat members had violated the rule of secrecy of ballot.
  • It relied on CCTV footage to conclude that they had either displayed the ballot papers or by their conduct revealed the manner in which they had voted.

Way Forward

  • In a democracy, there is perhaps nothing more important than the credibility of the electoral process therefore elections should not only be fair but should be seen to be fair.
  • The Election Commission needs to bat for making democracy truly vibrant and for voters’ rights to free and fair elections as well as secrecy of their ballot.
  • It cannot afford to allow parties the room to punish and reward voters on the basis of their voting patterns or indulge in what politicians euphemistically call booth management.

What has the Supreme Court said on Secrecy of Ballot?

  • Secrecy of ballot is the cornerstone of free and fair elections. The choice of a voter should be free and the secret ballot system in a democracy ensures it.
  • It is the policy of law to protect the right of voters to secrecy of the ballot.
  • Even a remote or distinct possibility that a voter can be forced to disclose for whom she has voted would act as a positive constraint and a check on the freedom to exercise of franchise.
  • The principle of secrecy of ballots is an important postulate of constitutional democracy.
  • However, a voter can also voluntarily waive the privilege of non-disclosure. No one can prevent a voter from doing. Nor can a complaint be entertained from any, including the person who wants to keep the voter’s mouth sealed as to why she disclosed for whom she voted.
  • What the RPA says?
  • Section 94 of the Representation of People Act upholds the privilege of the voter to maintain confidentiality about her choice of vote.

Answer: 2)B

Explanation

A local council in southern Japan voted  to rename an area including islands disputed with China and Taiwan.The row over the uninhabited East China Sea islets may add to recent tension caused by Japan’s criticisms of Beijing’s plan to impose a new national security law in Hong Kong.

Senkaku Islands

  • The Senkaku Islands are a group of uninhabited islands in the East China Sea.
  • They are located east of Mainland China, northeast of Taiwan, west of Okinawa Island, and north of the southwestern end of the Ryukyu Islands.
  • They are also known as the Diaoyu Islands or Diaoyu Dao.
  • The islands are the focus of a territorial dispute between Japan and China and between Japan and Taiwan.
  • China claims the discovery and ownership of the islands from the 14th century, while Japan maintained ownership of the islands from 1895 until its surrender at the end of World War II.

Economic significance of disputed area

  1. Oil and natural gas reserves
  2. Located near major ship routes
  3. Rich fishing area

What is China’s claim?

  • China says that the islands have been part of its territory since ancient times, serving as important fishing grounds administered by the province of Taiwan.
  • Taiwan was ceded to Japan in the Treaty of Shimonoseki in 1895, after the Sino-Japanese war.
  • When Taiwan was returned in the Treaty of San Francisco, China says the islands should have been returned too.

Answer: 3)C      

Explanation

CBIC has launched Secure QR coded Shipping Bill that would be electronically sent to exporters after the Customs allows export. It will eliminate process of approaching custom officer for proof of export. The move will make Customs export process fully electronic reducing time and cost improving India’s ranking in World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business Report. It is a part of Faceless, Paperless and Contactless Customs under ‘Turant Customs’ programme. CBIC Chairman: Ajit Kumar

Answer: 4)A

Explanation

Former India opener and domestic stalwart Wasim Jaffer has been appointed head coach of the Uttarakhand cricket team for the upcoming domestic season. Jaffer confirmed his appointment to PTI, stating the contract was for a year.

Wasim Jaffer

  • Wasim Jaffer is an Indian cricketer.
  • He is a right-handed opener and right-handed off-break bowler. He is currently the highest run-scorer in Ranji Trophy cricket, surpassing Amol Mujumdar.
  • In November 2018, he became the first batsman to score 11,000 runs in the competition.
  • In January 2019, he defeated Devendra Bundela 145 of Madhya Pradesh to set a historical record of playing 146 Ranji Trophy matches.

Answer: 5)B

Explanation

The People’s Republic of China has decided to join the UN Arms Trade Treaty which is a global pact to regulate arms sales in the world. While announcing the news, the Chinese government mentioned that it has been committed to efforts to enhance peace and stability in the world.

Arms Trade Treaty (ATT)

  • Under this treaty, international sales and transfer of conventional arms are regulated as per the global standards.
  • The treaty was adopted at the United Nations General Assembly on 2nd April 2013. It came into force from 24th December 2014.
  • The treaty was launched with the aim of maintaining international and regional peace.
  • The global standards that have been set under the treaty are in line for promoting transparency and co-operation among the countries.
  • To date, about 130 countries have ratified the treaty. India has not signed the treaty yet.

Answer: 6)C

Explanation

IIT-Bombay has developed a homegrown receiver chip -Dhruva– that can be used in smartphones and navigation devices to find locations and routes within the country. Dhruva will receive signals from India’s NAVIC group of navigation satellites as well as the US Global Positioning System-based satellites to determine these accurately under all weather conditions. The radio frequency receiver chip was designed in 18 months by students and researchers at IIT Bombay. It can receive in multiple frequency bands and handle weak signals. Besides, it can be converted into digital bits and processed by any standard digital signal processor (DSP) to determine one’s location precisely.

Answer: 7)D

Explanation

Indian Financial Technology & Allied Services (IFTAS) has announced the appointments of T Rabi Sankar as the Chairman of the organization. IFTAS is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Reserve Bank of India.

T Rabi Sankar, currently serving as Executive Director, Reserve Bank of India for Payment Systems, Information Technology, Risk Management and Fintech has taken over concurrent charge, ex officio, as the Chairman of IFTAS.

Agency also appoints Dr N Rajendran as the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of the organization. He is a leading expert in the field of Payments & Banking Systems and holds a PhD in computer science. With an outstanding track record in strategizing, people and technology management, cybersecurity, administration, thought leadership and project & business execution.

Answer: 8)A

Explanation

Former Indian shooter and coach Pournima Zanane passed away due to cancer. She represented India at multiple ISSF World Cups, Asian Championships, Commonwealth Championships, amongst other tournaments. Pournima Zanane was a national record holder in 10m Air Rifle event.

Answer: 9)B

Explanation

China successfully launched the last satellite of its BeiDou Navigation Satellite System (BDS), touted to be a competitor to the Global Positioning System (GPS) of the US, taking another step to becoming a major space power. The satellite was launched on Tuesday morning from the Xichang Satellite Launch Centre in southwest China’s Sichuan Province.

Development of Beidou Satellite System:

  • In the 1990s, China began developing its Beidou satellite system and launched its first satellite in October 2000, and in 2009 a long upgrade of the system began.
  • The latest new version, called BDS-3, includes 30 satellites for applications that range from high precision positioning to short message communication. Ahead of this latest launch, the BDS-3 network had 29 operational satellites.
  • When compared to their BDS-2 predecessors, the satellites of the BDS-3 system have higher bandwidth, which enables enhanced communication capability as well as atomic clocks to improve navigation services and time accuracy.
  • The core BDS-3 system began operations in 2018, but it will be able to improve the latest launch signal strength as well as coverage for users around the world.

Answer: 10)C

Explanation

Yes Bank has tied up with Fintech startup Affordplan to launch ‘Swasth Card’

It is a co-branded healthcare card which comes under Swasth program to provide healthcare at discounted rate. YES BANK’s wallet has integrated on Affordplan Swasth to enable wallet QR scan for making payments to merchant partners empanelled on app. Feature: No documentation, Flexible recharges, cashbacks, loan facilities, basic insurance cover, KYC within 24 hours etc. MD & CEO: Prashant Kumar

.

Click here to join our FB Page and FB Group for Latest update and preparation tips and queries

https://www.facebook.com/tetsuccesskey/

https://www.facebook.com/groups/tetsuccesskey/

No comments:

Post a comment