30 June 2020

ENGLISH QUIZ 28.06.2020

ENGLISH QUIZ 28.06.2020

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1.In which state /UT did Union Minister Shri Jitendra Singh inaugurate the two important Bridges Devika and Puneja?

A. Jammu and Kashmir

B. Arunachal Pradesh

C. Manipur

D. Meghalaya

2.Who launched the book ‘Legend of Suheldev: The King Who Saved India’?

A. John bolton

B. Amish Tripathi

C. Hillary Clinton

D. Donald Trump

3.The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) approved additional investment of USD 121.27 million by ONGC Videsh Ltd. in Shwe oil and gas project located in which country?

A. Bhutan

B. Bangladesh

C. Myanmar

D. Thailand

4.Who launched the scheme ‘Distressed Assets Fund- Sub- Ordinate Debt for MSMEs’ announced as part of AtmaNirbhar Bharat Package by GoI?

A. Nirmala Sitharaman

B. Narendra Modi

C. Prakash Javadekar

D. Nitin Gadkari

5.Who has been named as the first female president of the Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) in its 233 year-old history?

A. Clare Connor

B. Charlotte Edwards

C. Sarah Taylor

D. Catherine Brunt

6.In whose name will the world’s first yoga university be built outside India?

A. Rahul

B. Vivekananda

C. Ecstasy

D. Sachitanand

7.How many months extension did the OBC panel get?

A. Four

B. Five

C. Six

D. Seven

8.Consider the following statements related to Annual TB Report 2020:

1.Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare Dr. Harsh Vardhan released the annual TB Report             2020 through a virtual event .

2.04 lakh notified TB patients in 2019 in India, which is a 14% increase from 2018.

Which of the above statement/statements are correct?

A. 1 only

B. 2 only

C. Both 1 and 2

D. Neither 1 nor 2

9.Consider the following statements related to Global Education Monitoring Report 2020:

1.The 2020 Global Education Monitoring Report was released by UNESCO recently.

2.According to the report, about 20% of low- and lower-middle-income countries have not supported           learners at risk of exclusion during this crisis, such as the poor, linguistic minorities, and learners             with disabilities.

3.The report also noted that efforts to maintain learning continuity during the pandemic might have            worsened exclusion trends.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A. 1 and 2 are correct

B. 1 and 3 are correct

C. 2 and 3 are correct

D. All of the above

ANSWERS:-

Answer: 1)A

Explanation

Union Minister of State (MoS) (Independent Charge) Development of North Eastern Region (DoNER), MoS PMO, Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions, Atomic Energy and Space Jitendra Singh inaugurated Jammu and Kashmir’s  ”Puneja Bridge” in Doda district  and “Devika Bridge” in Udhampur district over a virtual platform.

Devika Bridge

  • The bridge is located at Udhampur of Jammu & Kashmir. Built at a cost of Rs 75 lakhs, the bridge fulfilled 70-year-old demand of the locals of the nearby region. Headquarters of the Indian Armies Northern Command is situated at Udhampur.
  • Apart from solving traffic issues, the bridge will provide a smooth passage for the vehicles and convoys of the Indian army. The bridge is 10 meters long.

Puneja Bridge

  • The bridge is located in Bhaderwah town in Doda district of Jammu & Kashmir. The cost of constructing the bridge was Rs 4 crore. The bridge is 50 meters long.

Border Roads Organisation (BRO)

  • The Former and First Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru is credited as the founder of the Border Roads Organisation (BRO).
  • It is headquartered in New Delhi and was founded on 7th May 1960. At present, BRO operates under 18 projects in the country.
  • It maintains across 32,885 Kilometers of road and more than 12,200 meters of permanent bridges across the country.

Answer: 2)B

Explanation

Amish Tripathi has launched new fiction titled ‘Legend of Suheldev: The King Who Saved India’. The book is a story of 11th century warrior-king Suheldev who united men and women of the nation, irrespective of their religion, caste, region in society. It begin with the era of Mahmud of Ghazni’s invasion and the massacre of the holy Somnath Temple. It is an inspiring story that depicts the ignored story in Indian History. The book is published by Westland Publications.

Answer: 3)C

Explanation

The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA)  approved additional investment of USD 121.27 million by ONGC Videsh Ltd for further development of Block A-1 and A-3 blocks in Myanmar. The CCEA, chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, approved the additional investment for the Shwe oil and gas project in Myanmar blocks, an official statement said.

OVL, the overseas arm of state-owned Oil and Natural Gas Corp (ONGC), had picked up a stake in the Shwe Project in Myanmar in 2002. The firm has invested USD 722 million in the project till March 31, 2019. The first gas from the Shwe Project was received in July 2013 and plateau production was reached in December 2014. The project has been generating positive cash flows since FY 2014-15, it said.

Answer: 4)D

Explanation

MSMEs Minister Nitin Gadkari has launched funding scheme to help the distressed MSME sector. The scheme is titled as Credit Guarantee Scheme for Sub-ordinate Debt (CGSSD) or Distressed Assets Fund–Sub-ordinate Debt for MSMEs. It will provide Rs. 20,000 crores of guarantee cover to stressed or NPA MSMEs. MSMEs promotors will be given 15% credit or Rs 75 lakh as per the stake to infuse and enhance debt-equity ratio

Moratorium Period: 7 years

Maximum Tenure: 10 Years

Answer: 5)A

Explanation

Former England captain Clare Connor will be the first female president of the Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC). This is for the first time a woman will took this position in 233 year history. She will succeed Kumar Sangakkara. She is currently ECB’s managing director of women’s cricket. Connor made her England debut in 1995 at the age of 19, and took over the captaincy in 2000, leading England at Lord’s against Australia a year later.

Answer: 6)B

Explanation

World’s first yoga university outside India has been established in Los Angeles marking the celebration of 6th International Yoga Day. The name of the University is Vivekananda Yoga University. It is launched by External affairs MoS V Muraleedharan and standing committe chairperson P P Chaudhary virtually

It will offer online graduate programmes based on scientific principles and modern research approaches to yoga.

Chairman: H R Nagendra

Founding Director: Prem Bhandari

Answer: 7)C

Explanation

Union Cabinet has approved six-month extension to Other Backward Classes commission to examine sub-categorisation of OBC in Central list. With this, the panel can submit its report till January 2021.The commission is headed by retired Delhi High Court Chief Justice G. Rohini. OBC commission was appointed in October 2017 under article 340 and have received several extensions. It was working on the issues of communities that were not getting the benefits of reservation.

Answer: 8)A      

Explanation

Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare Dr. Harsh Vardhan released the annual TB Report 2020 through a virtual event . Also, a Joint Monitoring Mission (JMM) report, a manual on Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) to TB patients under NIKSHAY system, a Training Module, and the quarterly newsletter NIKSHAY Patrika was released.

Highlights

  • 04 lakh notified TB patients in 2019 in India, which is a 14% increase from 2018.
  • Reduction in the number of missing cases to 2.9 lakh cases as against more than 10 lakhs in 2017.
  • Private sector notifications increased by 35% with 6.78 lakh TB patients notified.
  • Proportion of children diagnosed with TB increased to 8% in 2019 compared to 6% in 2018.
  • Provision of HIV testing for all notified TB patients increased from 67% in 2018 to 81% in 2019.
  • Expansion of treatment services has resulted in a 12% improvement in the treatment success rate of notified patients. For 2019, it is 81% compared to 69% in 2018.

Nikshay system

  • The country is achieving near-complete on-line notification of TB patients through the NIKSHAY system.
  • Nikshay is an information management system that acts like a one-stop solution for managing patients’ information and monitor program activity and performance all over the country.
  • It is developed and maintained by the Central TB Division (CTD), Ministry of Health and Family Welfare in collaboration with the National Informatics Centre (NIC), and the World Health Organization Country office for India.

Best performing states

  • The states were divided into large and small states based on their population.
  • All the states with a population of more than 50 lakhs were under the larger states while the states with less than 50 lakh population were under the small states.
  • In the category of large state, Gujarat has been voted as the best performing state. Andhra Pradesh is at second place and Himachal Pradesh at third place in this list.
  • Among smaller states, both Nagaland and Tripura were honored as the best performing states.
  • Among the Union Territories, Dadra Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu were honored as the best performing Union Territories.

Answer: 9)B

Explanation

The 2020 Global Education Monitoring Report was released by UNESCO recently.

Key highlights of the report

  • The coronavirus pandemic has exacerbated inequalities in education systems across the world. According to the report, about 40% of low- and lower-middle-income countries have not supported learners at risk of exclusion during this crisis, such as the poor, linguistic minorities, and learners with disabilities.
  • The report also noted that efforts to maintain learning continuity during the pandemic might have worsened exclusion trends.
  • During the height of school closures in April 2020, almost 91% of students around the world were out of school.

Imperfect substitutes

  • According to report the education systems during the pandemic responded with distance learning solutions, all of which offered less or more imperfect substitutes for classroom instruction.
  • While many poorer countries opted for radio and television lessons, 55% of low-income, 73% of lower-middle-income and 93% of upper-middle-income countries adopted for online learning platforms for primary and secondary education.
  • India has used a mix of all three systems for educational continuity.
  • However, even as governments increasingly rely on technology, the digital divide lays bare the limitations of this approach.
  • Not all students and teachers have access to an adequate internet connection, equipment, skills and working conditions to take advantage of available platforms.

Unavailability of the resources outside

  • School closures due to lockdowns have also interrupted support mechanisms from which many disadvantaged learners’ benefit.
  • Resources for blind and deaf students may not be available outside schools.
  • Also, children with learning disabilities or those who are on the autism spectrum may struggle with independent work in front of a computer or the disruption of daily school routines.
  • For poor students who depend on school for free meals or even free sanitary napkins, these closures have been a significant blow.

Other problems

  • The cancellation of examinations in many countries, including India, may result in scoring dependent on teachers’ judgments which could be affected by stereotypes of certain types of students.
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