17 September 2020

ENGLISH QUIZ 14.09.2020

ENGLISH QUIZ 14.09.2020

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1.Consider the following statements related to 2021 Nobel Peace Prize:

1.US President Trump nominated for 2021 Nobel Peace Prize.

2.Tybring-Gjedde while commenting on the nomination of President Donald Trump for the 2019                  Nobel Peace Prize stated that for his merit, President has done more trying to create peace                          between the nations than most other Peace Prize nominees.

Which of the above statement/statements are correct?

A. 1 only

B. 2 only

C. Both 1 and 2

D. Neither 1 nor 2

2.Consider the following statements:

1.India, France, Australia hold first trilateral dialogue with focus on Indo-Pacific.

2.The focus of the trilateral dialogue between India, France, and Iran was on enhancing the                             cooperation in the Indo-Pacific Region.

3.The three sides also agreed to hold the dialogue on an annual basis.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A. 1 and 2 are correct

B. 1 and 3 are correct

C. 2 and 3 are correct

D. All of the above

ANSWERS:-

Answer: 1)A      

Explanation

The United States President Donald Trump has been nominated for the 2021 Nobel Peace Prize because of his efforts on brokering the Israel-UAE Peace Deal. The nomination of Donald Trump for the Nobel Peace Prize has been submitted by Tybring-Gjedde, a member of the Norwegian Parliament. Tybring-Gjedde specifically praised Trump for his efforts towards resolving the protracted conflicts worldwide.

Nomination of President Trump by Tybring-Gjedde:

  • Tybring-Gjedde while commenting on the nomination of President Donald Trump for the 2021 Nobel Peace Prize stated that for his merit, President has done more trying to create peace between the nations than most other Peace Prize nominees.
  • Tybring-Gjedde has nominated Trump for his key role in creating new dynamics in other protracted conflicts, for example, the Kashmir border dispute issue between India and Pakistan, the conflict between North Korea and South Korea as well as dealing with the nuclear capabilities of North Korea.
  • In his nomination letter, Tybring-Gjedde also stated that the Trump administration has played a key role in the establishment of relations between Israel and UAE.
  • He further added that as it is expected, other Middle-Eastern Countries will also follow in the footsteps of the UAE. This agreement between Israel and UAE can be a game-changer that will turn the Middle East into a region of Cooperation and prosperity.
  • Member of the Norwegian Parliament also praised Trump for withdrawing a large number of troops from the Middle East and mentioned that he has broken a 39-year-old streak of American Presidents either starting a war or bringing the US into an international armed conflict.

Israel-UAE Peace Deal:

  • In a deal brokered by the United States, UAE, and Israel in August 2020 agreed to normalize their relations. An agreement between the two nations on the mutual establishment of embassies is also expected to follow in the coming three weeks. In the exchange, Israel stated that it will halt its plans to formally annex parts of the West Bank.
  • On September 8, 2020, a White House Official had announced that President Donald Trump will hold a signing ceremony on September 15 for a groundbreaking Middle east agreement which will normalize relations between UAE and Israel.

Nomination for 2021 Nobel peace prize:

  • For the Nobel Peace Prize for 2020, there were 318 candidates, out of which 211 were individuals and 107 were organizations. Nominations are shortlisted in February and March every year and the winners are announced in October.
  • Those eligible to nominate someone for the Nobel Peace Prize can be public figures including professors, national politicians, and former prize winners.
  • Tybring-Gjedde, who has nominated President Trump for the Peace Prize, is a four-term member of Parliament, he also serves as a Chairman of the Norwegian delegation to the NATO Parliamentary Assembly.

Answer: 2)B

Explanation

India, Australia and France held a dialogue for the first time under a trilateral framework. The three sides have agreed to hold the dialogue on an annual basis. Enhancing cooperation in the Indo-Pacific Region. Australia, along with France, has emerged as a major strategic partner for India in the Indo-Pacific and Indian Ocean Region (IOR), especially in the maritime domain.

Objective of the trilateral dialogue:

  • The focus of the trilateral dialogue between India, France, and Australia was on enhancing the cooperation in the Indo-Pacific Region.
  • According to the official statement released by the Ministry, the outcome-oriented meeting was held with an objective of building on the strong bilateral relations that the 3 countries share with each other and synergizing their respective strength to ensure a secure, peaceful, prosperous, and rule-based Indo-pacific region.
  • The three sides also agreed to hold the dialogue on an annual basis.

Topics of discussion during trilateral dialogue:

  • The three sides discussed the economic and geostrategic challenges and cooperation in the Indo-Pacific region, particularly in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic and the domestic responses to the virus.
  • Potential areas for the practical cooperation at the trilateral and regional level and cooperation on Marine Global Commons were also discussed, including through the regional organisations such as the Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA), The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), and the Indian Ocean Commission.
  • India, France, and Australia also had an exchange on the priorities, trends, and challenges in the regional and global multilateral institutions. It also included the best ways to reform and strengthen multilateralism.
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